Costs related to the performance of plumbing repairs
Implementation of hydraulic concrete order is associated with incurring certain costs. They depend on the scope of these works, which are used in the course of their machines and materials hydraulic and size of installed sanitation. The valuation carried out the costs associated with the performance of plumbing work are also taken into account the state of water and sewage networks, to which you want to connect a new device, and in case of failure, it is important for the losses which it has led. Therefore workers decent the plumbing before they join to perform their work will present the customer with an accurate estimate and suggest use of such materials that have a reasonable price.
hydraulic nature of the work performed in the city
City of hydraulic engaged in the execution of various works. Some of them are contracted by the city authorities and owners of various public buildings, and others by owners of private flats and houses. Therefore, the scope of hydraulic works performed in cities is very wide. It includes both Pip drains and supervising the work performed after the flooding of the city by heavy rains and repair of hydraulic failure in flats and houses and installation of new sanitary facilities. Such an installation can be performed by plumbers working alone or working in the company hydraulic system. While the work is carried out after heavy rains need to rent a large company hydraulic system.
Plumbing - materials
Water systems of ancient times relied on gravity for the supply of water, using pipes or channels usually made of clay, lead, bamboo, wood, or stone. Hollowed wooden logs wrapped in steel banding were used for plumbing pipes, particularly water mains. Logs were used for water distribution in England close to 500 years ago. US cities began using hollowed logs in the late 1700s through the 1800s.8 Today, most plumbing supply pipe is made out of steel, copper, and plastic; most waste (also known as "soil")11 out of steel, copper, plastic, and cast iron.11
The straight sections of plumbing systems are called "pipes" or "tubes". A pipe is typically formed via casting or welding, whereas a tube is made through extrusion. Pipe normally has thicker walls and may be threaded or welded, while tubing is thinner-walled and requires special joining techniques such as brazing, compression fitting, crimping, or for plastics, solvent welding. These joining techniques are discussed in more detail in the piping and plumbing fittings article.